Peruvian Red Pencilfish (Type II) "Nannostomus mortenthaleri"
Less than 2"
Black, Purple, Red, White
Soft (2 to 10 GH), slightly acidic (4 to 7 pH), 72-83 degrees Fahrenheit
General: Lifespan of up to 5 years, reaching a length of up to 1.5". Should be in a tank size of 15 gallons or larger. The Peruvian Red Pencilfish is social, active, and are willing to occupy every niche of the aquarium. Should always be in groups with a 1:2 male to female ratio and will create shoals.
Fecundity (Reproduction): Female will produce 20 to 30 eggs per clutch. Pre-feeding high quality foods during the period before actual egg dispersal can increase fecundity, as well as promote health of eggs.
Habitat: Forest streams and wetlands near Rio Tiger Basin located in Peru. This region has many tributaries densely packed with driftwood, vegetation, and fine rocky debris. A natural companion of the Dwarf Cichlid genus Apistogramma.
Aquarium Diet: Spirulina, brine shrimp, baby brine shrimp, blackworms, zooplankton, and general flakes
Dimorphism: Male will laterally produce a deep red color and have a white patch on the anterior end of the dorsal fin. The male will also turn a darker red, or even purple, when ready to breed. The female will be significantly less red in coloration and be thick-bodied in comparison to the male.