Royal (L-191) Plecostomus
Panaque sp.

Care Level




Reef Compatible


Plant Safe


Max Size

12" - 18"

Minimum Tank Size

10 gallon


Brown, Gold



Water Conditions

Neutral (6.5-7.5 pH), Intermediate Water Hardness (4+ dKH), 68 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit


General: The Royal Plecostomus - L191 (Panaque sp.) naturally occupy various river systems thru-ought South America. Preferably, the Royal Plecostomus make home to regions with natural debris drifting thru-ought the water column, making use of any rasping materials to opportunistically consume plant, and insect species. Needless to say, providing these same feeding opportunities within aquaria is critical to ensuring the health of the Royal Plecostomus. Preferring to make use of an inferior mouth orientation, the Plecostomus tend to chew off bits of driftwood. It is important to do minor, but frequent water changes, when keeping Plecostomus, in order to compensate for the amount of natural tannins released into the water by the driftwood. To replicate the most natural environment of Plecostomus, it is typically beneficial to, also, include a submersible powerhead to create current.

Preferred Water Chemistry: Neutral (6.5-7.5 pH), Intermediate Water Hardness (4+ dKH)

Aquarium Diet (Omnivorous): Brine Shrimp, Blackworms, Bloodworms, Daphnia, Spirulina, Algae Wafer, Boiled Cucumber, Insects, and Seaweed

Compatibility: The Royal Plecostomus - L191 (Panaque) are typically compatible with Rainbowfish, Geophagus, Silver Dollar, Blood Parrot Cichlid, Severum, Jack Dempsey, and other peaceful species of Plecostomus.